Risk Factors of Pneumothorax

 

Risk factors for pneumothorax include:

  • Sex In general, men are far more likely to have a pneumothorax than are women.
  • Smoking The risk increases with the length of time and the number of cigarettes smoked, even without emphysema.
  • Age The type of pneumothorax caused by ruptured air blisters (sub-pleural blebs) is most likely to occur in young individuals between 20 and 40 years old, especially if the person is a very tall and underweight man.
  • Genetics Certain types of pneumothorax appear to run in families.
  • Lung disease Certain underlying lung disease - especially emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis and cystic fibrosis - makes a person more susceptible to pneumothorax and collapsed lung.
  • Mechanical ventilation Critical patients who need mechanical ventilation to breathe effectively are at higher risk of pneumothorax.
  • A history of pneumothorax Anyone who has had one pneumothorax is at increased risk of another, usually within one to two years of the first episode. This may occur in the same lung or the opposite lung.

Pneumothorax

 

Symptoms of Pneumothorax

 

A pneumothorax (noo-mo-THOR-acks) is a collapsed lung due to air accumulating inside the chest cavity. Pneumothorax occurs when air leaks into
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Chest pain- Sudden, sharp chest pain on the same side as the affected lung. Shortness of breath- This may be mild or severe, depending
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Risk factors for pneumothorax

 

Complications from pneumothorax

 

Anyone who has had one pneumothorax is at increased risk of another, usually within one to two years of the first episode.
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Persistent air leak Air may sometimes continue to leak if the opening in the lung won't close. Surgery may eventually
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Treatments and drugs

 

 

   

The purpose of treating a pneumothorax is to relieve the pressure on the lung, by removing the air and hence allowing
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